20th century writers in english literature

Yeats was one of the foremost figures of 20th-century literature. [citation needed]. In the mid-twentieth-century major writers started to appear in the various countries of the British Commonwealth, including several Nobel laureates. [48] His works include The Remains of the Day 1989, Never Let Me Go 2005. [23] In fact a number of modernists were still living and publishing in the 1950s and 1960, including T. S. Eliot, William Faulkner, Dorothy Richardson, and Ezra Pound. Need a reference? This same year Graham Greene's (1904–91) first major novel Brighton Rock was published. His works include The Cement Garden (1978) and Enduring Love (1997), which was made into a film. Agatha Christie (1890–1976) was a crime writer of novels, short stories and plays, who is best remembered for her 80 detective novels as well as her successful plays for the West End theatre. New poets starting their careers in the 1950s and 1960s include Philip Larkin (1922–85) (The Whitsun Weddings, 1964), Ted Hughes (1930–98) (The Hawk in the Rain, 1957) and Irishman (Northern Ireland) Seamus Heaney (1939–2013) (Death of a Naturalist, 1966). In its most early stages, feminists were women who used the art of speaking, fine literature, and yes, even dance, to promote the idea of equality and a more open-to-sexuality world. <. The 100 Best English-Language Novels of the 20th Century, The 100 Best English-Language Nonfiction Books of the 20th Century, This List of Favorite Islands will Make You Remember Why You Loved Poptropica So Much. He is among the Best Poets of the 20th century, and, surely, among the most prominent 20th century writers. English literary modernism developed in the early twentieth-century out of a general sense of disillusionment with Victorian era attitudes of certainty, conservatism, and belief in the idea of objective truth. Hungarian-born Emma Orczy's (1865–1947) original play, The Scarlet Pimpernel, opened in October 1903 at Nottingham's Theatre Royal but was not a success. [2] The continental art movements of Impressionism, and later Cubism, were also important inspirations for modernist writers. The Scarlet Pimpernel became a favourite of London audiences, playing more than 2,000 performances and becoming one of the most popular shows staged in England to that date. Michael Frayn (born 1933) is among other playwrights noted for their use of language and ideas. (shelved 6 times as 20th-century-british-literature) avg rating … Her 1929 essay A Room of One's Own contains her famous dictum "A woman must have money and a room of her own if she is to write fiction". [18] Strongly influenced by his Christian faith, G. K. Chesterton was a prolific and hugely influential writer with a diverse output. A Short History of English Literature, 4th ed. Subsequently, the story has been adapted for television, film, a musical and other media. Janice Galloway "Rereading Lanark by Alasdair Gray". Yeats was a driving force behind the Irish Literary Revival. CEOE English: English Literature in the 20th Century - Chapter Summary. It used a style of social realism which depicts the domestic lives of the working class, to explore social issues and political issues. British poet W. H. Auden was another significant modernist in the 1930s. Though some have seen modernism ending by around 1939,[22] with regard to English literature, "When (if) modernism petered out and postmodernism began has been contested almost as hotly as when the transition from Victorianism to modernism occurred". Authors, American--20th century--Biography. Coetzee (Nobel Prize 2003) and playwright Athol Fugard. Major poets like T. S. Eliot, W. H. Auden and Dylan Thomas were still publishing in this period. Learn more about the mythic conflict between the Argives and the Trojans. Authors, American--20th century. [30], An important cultural movement in the British theatre which developed in the late 1950s and early 1960s was Kitchen sink realism (or "kitchen sink drama"), a term coined to describe art (the term itself derives from an expressionist painting by John Bratby), novels, film and television plays. E.M. Forster is one of the most celebrated British novelists of the 20th century. The Mersey Beat poets were Adrian Henri, Brian Patten and Roger McGough. Two Irishmen and an Australian were also winners in the period after 1940: novelist and playwright, Samuel Beckett (1969); poet Seamus Heaney (1995); Patrick White (1973), a major novelist in this period, whose first work was published in 1939. In the early 20th-century literary modernism developed in the English-speaking world due to a general sense of disillusionment with the Victorian era attitudes of certainty, conservatism, and belief in the idea of objective truth. In addition to W. B. Yeats other important early modernist poets were the American poets T. S. Eliot (1888–1965) and Ezra Pound (1885–1972). Another significant writer is Alan Garner author of Elidor (1965), while Terry Pratchett is a more recent fantasy writer. Infoplease is a reference and learning site, combining the contents of an encyclopedia, a dictionary, an atlas and several almanacs loaded with facts. Authors - 20th century poets, novelists and playwrights - The British Library Skip to main content This article is focused on English-language literature rather than the literature of England, so that it includes writers from Scotland, Wales, and the whole of Ireland, as well as literature in English from former British colonies. Willa Cather. Stoppard's works are however also notable for their high-spirited wit and the great range of intellectual issues which he tackles in different plays. His best-known novels are Money (1984) and London Fields (1989). Christie's works, particularly those featuring the detectives Hercule Poirot or Miss Marple, have given her the title "Queen of Crime", and she was one of the most important and innovative writers in this genre. Langston Hughes (1902-1967) was a famous essayist, novelist, columnist in the American literature. The first major English-language novelist from the Indian sub-continent, R. K. Narayan, began publishing in England in the 1930s, encouraged by English novelist Graham Greene. Another major work of science fiction, from the early 20th century, is A Voyage to Arcturus by Scottish writer David Lindsay, first published in 1920. She initially wrote about her African experiences. In the 1960s and 1970s Martian poetry aimed to break the grip of 'the familiar', by describing ordinary things in unfamiliar ways, as though, for example, through the eyes of a Martian. Postmodernism (Literature)--United States. British modernists include Joseph Conrad, E. M. Forster, Dorothy Richardson, Virginia Woolf, and D. H. Lawrence. Infoplease is part of the FEN Learning family of educational and reference sites for parents, teachers and students. [31], An important new element in the world of British drama, from the beginnings of radio in the 1920s, was the commissioning of plays, or the adaption of existing plays, by BBC radio. The End of the Affair by Graham Greene (1951) Lewis is especially known for The Chronicles of Narnia, while Tolkien is best known as the author of The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings. 71. University of Chicago Walker Hall, 4th Floor 1115 E. 58th St. Chicago, IL 60637. [43] Charles Tomlinson (born 1927) is another important English poet of an older generation, though "since his first publication in 1951, has built a career that has seen more notice in the international scene than in his native England; this may explain, and be explained by, his international vision of poetry". Bowen, Elizabeth, and Burgess, Anthony. Amongst the novelists, after Joseph Conrad, other important early modernists include Dorothy Richardson (1873–1957), whose novel Pointed Roof (1915), is one of the earliest example of the stream of consciousness technique, and D. H. Lawrence (1885–1930), who published The Rainbow in 1915, though it was immediately seized by the police. The year 1900 to 2000 was a very exciting time for female novelist. "Rudyard Kipling." Rushdie achieved fame with Midnight's Children 1981, which was awarded both the James Tait Black Memorial Prize and Booker prize, and was named Booker of Bookers in 1993. [33] John Mortimer made his radio debut as a dramatist in 1955, with his adaptation of his own novel Like Men Betrayed for the BBC Light Programme. [44] The critic Michael Hennessy has described Tomlinson as "the most international and least provincial English poet of his generation". Also in the 1920s and later Noël Coward (1899–1973) achieved enduring success as a playwright, publishing more than 50 plays from his teens onwards. Scotland has in the late 20th century produced several important novelists, including James Kelman, who like Samuel Beckett can create humour out of the most grim situations. However, the Victorian Gerard Manley Hopkins's (1844–89) highly original poetry was not published until 1918, long after his death, while the career of another major modernist poet, Irishman W. B. Yeats (1865–1939), began late in the Victorian era. Tolkien. https://www.infoplease.com/.../100-best-english-language-novels-20th-century Americans, like poets T. S. Eliot and Ezra Pound and novelist William Faulkner, were other important modernists. Its leading members were the major fantasy novelists; C.S. [25] Graham Greene was a convert to Catholicism and his novels explore the ambivalent moral and political issues of the modern world. https://vocal.media/viva/famous-feminist-writers-of-the-20th-century Her first, The Comforters (1957) concerns a woman who becomes aware that she is a character in a novel; The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (1961), at times takes the reader briefly into the distant future, to see the various fates that befall its characters. From 1940 into the 21st century, American playwrights, poets and novelists have continued to be internationally prominent. Irish literature - Irish literature - The 20th century: As the 20th century drew near in Ireland, a new nationalist cultural revival stirred. Learn more about the world with our collection of regional and country maps. Encyclopædia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Colm Tóibín (Irish, 1955) is a novelist, short story writer, essayist, playwright, journalist, critic, and, most recently, poet. Lewis and J.R.R. The year 1900 to 2000 was a very exciting time for female novelist. [3] Important literary precursors of modernism, were: Fyodor Dostoevsky (1821–81) (Crime and Punishment (1866), The Brothers Karamazov (1880); Walt Whitman (1819–92) (Leaves of Grass) (1855–91); Charles Baudelaire (1821–67) (Les Fleurs du mal), Rimbaud (1854–91) (Illuminations, 1874); August Strindberg (1849–1912), especially his later plays.[4]. Among British writers in the 1940s and 1950s were novelist Graham Greene whose works span the 1930s to the 1980s and poet Dylan Thomas, while Evelyn Waugh, and W. H. Auden continued publishing significant work. This novel often tops the list of ‘books people lie about having … One of the interesting development in the twentieth century literature is the remarkable increase in the number of women writers especially novelist. In particular, his depictions of class issues struck a chord with many readers - and continue to do so today. The Heritage of British Literature (Hudson, 1983). His best-known plays include Anna Christie (Pulitzer Prize 1922), Desire Under the Elms (1924), Strange Interlude (Pulitzer Prize 1928), Mourning Becomes Electra (1931). Angela Carter (1940–92) was a novelist and journalist, known for her feminist, magical realism, and picaresque works. [citation needed], An important development, beginning in the 1930s and 1940s was a tradition of working class novels actually written by working-class background writers. American poet Marianne Moore (1887–1972) published from the 1920s to the 1960s. [36] Irish playwright Brendan Behan, author of The Quare Fellow (1954), was commissioned by the BBC to write a radio play The Big House (1956); prior to this he had written two plays Moving Outand A Garden Party for Irish radio. One of the most influential novels of the immediate post-war period was William Cooper's naturalistic Scenes from Provincial Life, a conscious rejection of the modernist tradition. This article is focused on English-language literature rather than the literature of England, so that it includes writers from Scotland, Wales, and the whole of Ireland, as well as literature in English from former British colonies. One of Penguin Books' most successful publications in the 1970s was Richard Adams's heroic fantasy Watership Down (1972). Naipaul won the Nobel Prize in Literature. [32] Joe Orton's dramatic debut in 1963 was the radio play The Ruffian on the Stair, which was broadcast on 31 August 1964. Encyclopædia Britannica. Lawrence's Lady Chatterley's Lover was published privately in Florence in 1928, though the unexpurgated version was not published in Britain until 1959. 13 October 1971. It also includes, to some extent, the US, though the main article here is American literature. The writers all examined the world around them and tried to express it through their writings. [14] H. G. Wells was a prolific author who is now best known for his science fiction novels,[15] most notably The War of the Worlds, The Time Machine, The Invisible Man and The Island of Doctor Moreau all written in the 1890s. The American exponent of Naturalism Theodore Dreiser's (1871–1945) Sister Carrie was also published in 1900. In fact, many of the towering figures of 20th-century English literature were not English; Shaw, Yeats, Joyce, O'Casey, and Beckett were Irish, Dylan Thomas was Welsh, T. S. Eliot was born an American, and Conrad was Polish. (shelved 5 times as 20th-century-british-literature) avg rating 3.95 — 2,780,945 ratings — published 1945 Ulysses has been called "a demonstration and summation of the entire movement". (1886–1961). [20] Samuel Beckett (1906–89) published his first major work, the novel Murphy in 1938. [12] Then in 1922 Irishman James Joyce's important modernist novel Ulysses appeared. The somewhat malleable term of contemporary literature is usually applied with a post-1960 cut off point. [34][35], Other notable radio dramatists included Brendan Behan, and novelist Angela Carter. Many of their poems were written in protest against the established social order and, particularly, the threat of nuclear war. Irish writers were especially important in the twentieth-century, including James Joyce and later Samuel Beckett, both central figures in the Modernist movement. Forster's most famous work, A Passage to India 1924, reflected challenges to imperialism, while his earlier novels, such as A Room with a View (1908) and Howards End (1910), examined the restrictions and hypocrisy of Edwardian society in England. Important British writers between the World Wars, include the Scottish poet Hugh MacDiarmid (1892–1978), who began publishing in the 1920s, and novelists Virginia Woolf (1882–1941), E. M. Forster (1879–1970) (A Passage to India, 1924), Evelyn Waugh (1903–66), P. G. Wodehouse (1881–1975) (who was not a modernist) and D. H. Lawrence. A major novelist of the late 19th century, Hardy, after the adverse criticism of his last novel, Jude the Obscure, concentrated on publishing poetry. During the early decades of the 20th century the Georgian poets like Rupert Brooke (1887–1915), Walter de la Mare (1873–1956), and John Masefield (1878–1967, Poet Laureate from 1930) maintained a conservative approach to poetry by combining romanticism, sentimentality and hedonism, sandwiched as they were between the Victorian era, with its strict classicism, and Modernism, with its strident rejection of pure aestheticism. Literature, Modern--20th century. Beckett's radio play Embers was first broadcast on the BBC Third Programme on 24 June 1959, and won the RAI prize at the Prix Italia awards later that year.[39]. The premier of the London production was enthusiastically received by the audience, running 122 performances and enjoying numerous revivals. Atonement (2001) was made into an Oscar-winning film. Hawthorn, J. British Working Class Novel … [37], Among the most famous works created for radio, are Dylan Thomas's Under Milk Wood (1954), Samuel Beckett's All That Fall (1957), Harold Pinter's A Slight Ache (1959) and Robert Bolt's A Man for All Seasons (1954). In different plays Compton-Burnett 20th century publications in the entirely different genre of Gothic fantasy Mervyn Peake ( 1911–68 published. An early example of spy fiction been spun off into a series of short stories in English are J.M... 1871–1909 ) were influential in British drama, Joyce is a major influence on American dramatists of... 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British writers include William Golding, Graham Greene was a famous essayist, novelist, biographer and critic who. The stream of consciousness technique was a convert to Catholicism and his novels explore the ambivalent moral political! Was performed to great acclaim in France, Italy, Germany and Spain, the...: `` Prufrock '' ( 1915 ), is an early example of spy.. Sri Lanka of intellectual issues which he tackles in different plays the Sands ( 1903 ) whose..., Death on the Nile and and Then there were None Willa Cather this genre are Ruth Rendell, D.! Terry Pratchett is a novelist and journalist, Pulitzer Prize winner we studied from this is! Covered with our maps and Dylan Thomas were still publishing in this we. Hammersmith in April 1958, before transferring to the Beats of rabbits seeking to establish a home..., 4th ed ( and from the Then British Empire novelist William Faulkner continued to well-read...

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