mediterranean ethnicity countries

below 1 000 m 3 per resident per year) is forecast to increase from 180 million people today to over 250 million within 20 years. [25], Later in the 20th century, the concept of a distinctive Mediterranean race was still considered useful by theorists such as Earnest Hooton in Up From the Ape (1931) and Carleton S. Coon in his revised edition of Ripley's Races of Europe (1939). Arrows show the possible ways of spreading the disease. This geographic region encompasses many countries. He further stated that Mediterraneans formed the major population element in Pakistan and North India. Located in Western Europe, France is home to the stunning medieval cities, scenic alpine villages and gorgeous Mediterranean beaches. [16], C. S. Coon wrote that marked Mediterranean features included skin color ranging "from pink or peaches-and-cream to a light brown", a relatively prominent and aquiline nose, considerable body hair, and dark brown to black hair. Fond of society, but not forgetful of injuries. French women are recognized for their gregarious outlook, liveliness, amiable vibes and unparalleled fashion … According to Huxley, On the south and west this type comes into contact and mixes with the "Melanochroi," or "dark whites"...In these regions are found, more or less mixed with Xanthochroi and Mongoloids, and extending to a greater or less distance into the conterminous Xanthochroic, Mongoloid, Negroid and Australioid areas, the men whom I have termed Melanochroi, or dark whites. The term "Mediterranean Race" is not used much these days, but historically it was used to refer primarily to Caucasian (white) people from Spain, Italy, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta, Greece, Cyprus, Turkey, Israel. LOGIN Forgot Password. Giuseppe Sergi, The Mediterranean Race: A Study of the Origin of European Peoples, (Forgotten Books), pp.39-44. Four southern Mediterranean countries (Egypt, Israel, Syria and Libya), together with Malta, have WEIs exceeding 80%. This book on ethnicity in Mediterranean protohistory may well be regarded as the main and final result of the project on the ethnicity of the Sea Peoples as set up by Wim van Binsbergen as academic supervisor and worked out by Fred Woudhuizen who, in the process, earned himself a PhD from the Erasmus University Rotterdam (2006). He argued that they also colonised Britain & Ireland where their descendants may be seen today, characterized by dark brown hair, dark eyes and robust features. But today’s Mediterranean is represented by less familiar dishes and ingredients from all over the region. Native American/First Nations. ", C.S. Any size; L; XL; XXL; Upload date. and Mediterranean countries and between the Mediterranean countries themselves. Tunisia, 19. The total population of the Mediterranean countries grew from 276 million in 1970 to 412 million in 2000 (a 1,35 % increase per year) and to 466 million in 2010. Select from premium Mediterranean Countries of the highest quality. As a result, some differences can be found in the methods of food preparation among these countries. The study starts from a basic hypothesis that there is a strong correlation between the approach of the regional power gap that would increase in the pace of conflict steps between the competing countries in the Eastern Mediterranean region, namely Turkey faces of Egypt, Russia, Turkey, France, Greece, and Cyprus .On a â ¦ Every Human group both extan & xinc hs. Basics Physical Geography Political Geography Population Country Information Key Figures & Milestones Maps Urban Geography By. [8] Coon also argued that smaller Mediterraneans had travelled by land from the Mediterranean basin north into Europe in the Mesolithic era. In 1870, Thomas Huxley argued that there were four basic racial categories (Xanthochroic, Mongoloid, Australioid and Negroid). Algeria, 5. Share Flipboard Email Print Justas Markus / EyeEm / Getty Images Geography. (and probably much later), and so shaped not only the Aegean cultures, but those of Western as well as the greater part of Eastern Mediterranean lands, while the culture of their near relatives, the Hamitic pre-dynastic Egyptians, formed the basis of that of Egypt. Pacific Islander. There are variations of the "Mediterranean diets" in different countries and among the individual populations of the Mediterranean basin, due to ethnic , cultural, economic and religious diversities. Aristotle contended that the Greekswere an ideal people because they possessed a medium skin-tone, in contrast to pale northerner… North Cyprus Turkish Republic, 11. Turkey, 20. Find the perfect Mediterranean Ethnicity stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. The Mediterranean race was thought to be prevalent in southern Europe, parts of North Africa, South Asia and the Middle East, and was characterised by moderate to short stature, narrow shoulders, long skull (dolichocephalic), dark hair, dark eyes & complexion. Albania, 2. Taller Mediterraneans (Atlanto-Mediterraneans) were Neolithic seafarers who sailed in reed-type boats and colonised the Mediterranean basin from a Near Eastern origin. "[27], In the U.S., the idea that the Mediterranean race included certain populations on the African continent was taken up in the early 20th century by African-American writers such as W. E. B. Montenegro, 9. [15], In Germany, Britain, and the United States, it became common for white supremacists to promote the merits of the light-coloured hair, light-coloured eyes Nordic race as the most advanced of human population groups: the "master race". Image size. [26], According to Coon, the "homeland and cradle" of the Mediterranean race was in North Africa and Southwest Asia, in the area from Morocco to Afghanistan. Middle Eastern Ethnicity. Unlike other types of cuisine which are generally based on ethnicity or culture, Mediterranean cuisine is a product of the culinary trends that are followed by the people who live in the geographic region surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. Israel, 24. 1. Giuseppe Sergi, The Mediterranean Race: A Study of the Origin of European Peoples, (BiblioBazaar, LLC, 2008), p.250. However, some people in the past have also included as "Mediterraneans" the people of North Africa, parts of Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Portugal, the parts of Southeastern France that … Such debates arose from responses to ancient writers who had commented on differences between northern and southern Europeans. Common polymorphisms (i.e. General anthropology. The Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) has been recommended to the general population by many scientific organizations as a healthy dietary pattern, based on strong evidence of association with improved cardiometabolic health, including lower risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and obesity. Political map of the Mediterranean Sea as of September 2004. In Section XV: The Caucasian Race and its Sub-Races, Rhind gave the following description:[35]. Unlike other types of cuisine which are generally based on ethnicity or culture, Mediterranean cuisine is a product of the culinary trends that are followed by the people who live in the geographic region surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. [22] To Sergi, the Semites were a branch of the Eurafricans who were closely related to the Mediterraneans. Many writers define the three core elements of the cuisine as the olive, wheat, and the grape, yielding olive oil, bread and … Also renowned for its versatile culture, sophisticated cuisines & wines and vibrant fashion sense, the country is home of really beautiful women. [34], The first physical and social description of the Mediterranean race (then termed "Celtic race") was given by the Scottish scientist William Rhind in 1851. Ancel Keys can be considered the … Croatia, 8. [30][31][32][33], According to Beals and Hoijer in An Introduction to Anthropology, the Mediterranean race was traditionally regarded as one of the primary Caucasoid races next to the Nordic, Alpine and Armenoid. [12], By the late 19th century, Huxley's Xanthochroi group had been redefined as the "Nordic" race, whereas his Melanochroi became the Mediterranean race. For a region that takes its name from the sea it surrounds, the Mediterranean is surprisingly hilly. Mediterranean Identities - Environment, Society, Culture. I conclude that the study of ethnicity continues to present several intractable problems for archaeologists, particularly for prehistorians. The groups they track are determined by each country, so the standards can vary. The Mediterranean Diet is more than just a diet, just a food plan. "[20], According to Sergi, the Mediterranean race was the "greatest race of the world" and was singularly responsible for the most accomplished civilizations of antiquity, including those of Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, Ancient Persia, Ancient Rome, Carthage, Hittite Anatolia, Land of Punt, Mesopotamia and Phoenicia. What makes this plan so much healthier, compared to other diets and what does it entail? Biodiversity. Countries Bordering the Mediterranean Sea Europe has 12 nations on the Mediterranean coast. P. 57. Mediterranean Sea region countries map. Passions and affections strong. Find high-quality stock photos that you won't find anywhere else. Any size; L; XL; XXL; Upload date. The idea of a Mediterranean cuisine originates with the cookery writer Elizabeth David's book, A Book of Mediterranean Food (1950) and was amplified by other writers working in English. Native American/First Nations. Updated May 21, 2020 | Infoplease Staff. [18] Sergi added that the Mediterranean race "in its external characters is a brown human variety, neither white nor negroid, but pure in its elements, that is to say not a product of the mixture of Whites with Negroes or negroid peoples. It is also the birthplace of three of the world’s major religions—Judaism, Christianity and Islam—with the most holy places of those faiths scattered from Jerusalem to Mecca. The perception of the Mediterranean leans equally on the nature, culture, history, lifestyle, and landscape. those defining H and V lineages) between Berbers and south Europeans also could have been introduced or supported by genetic flows through the Straits of Gibraltar. The history of the Mediterranean is crucial to gaining knowledge about the development of settlements, societies, and cultures in the Asian, European, and African countries bordering the sea. [17] However, in southern Europe itself alternative models were developed which stressed the merits of Mediterranean peoples, drawing on established traditions dating from ancient and Renaissance claims about the superiority of civilisation in the south. "The genetic proximity observed between the Berbers and southern Europeans reveals that these groups shared a common ancestor. This climate has a profound influence on the vegetation and wildlife of the region. concepts of citizenship, ‘race’, ethnicity have been written and rewritten several times. The Greek and Roman people considered the Germanic and Celtic peoples to be wild, red haired barbarians. Southeast Asian. 1. Genetic analysis proves that following thousands of years of conquests and migrations, peoples living around the Mediterranean today share common ISBN: 9781407308234 1407308238: OCLC Number: 753956280: Description: 519 pages : illustrations, maps ; 30 cm. Ethnicity in Mediterranean protohistory , British Archaeologi-cal Reports (BAR) International Series 2256, Oxford: Ar-chaeopress. Such publications as the Journal of Negro History stressed the cross-fertilization of cultures between Africa and Europe, and adopted Sergi's view that the "civilizing" race had originated in Africa itself. Color. Afghanistan: Pashtun 42%, Tajik 27%, Hazara 9%, Uzbek 9%, Aimaks 4%, Turkmen 3%, Baloch 2%, others 4% : Albania: Albanian 95%, Greeks 3%, other 2%: Vlachs, Gypsies, Serbs, and Bulgarians (1989 est.) The Celtic Race (anc. Region of lands around the Mediterranean Sea. By comparing your genetic signature to the DNA of people from the Greek Italian region, AncestryDNA can give you a clearer picture of your ethnic origins. Thanks to the active involvement of Statistical Institutes and Public Administrations responsible for tourism statistics within the Euro- Med region, co-operation with and among the participating countries is making significant progress. Ethnicity and Race by Countries. M.A., Geography, California State University - East … The African Origin of the Grecian Civilization, Diversité des allotypes des immunoglobulines d’une population berbère de la vallée de Tacheddirt, X-chromosome SNP analyses in 11 human Mediterranean populations show a high overall genetic homogeneity except in North-west Africans (Moroccans), The Complex and Diversified Mitochondrial Gene Pool of Berber Populations, Carleton S. Coon on the Mediterranean Race, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mediterranean_race&oldid=994972084, Articles with dead external links from February 2019, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Nordic (Deniker), Homo Europaeus (Lapouge), Occidental (Deniker), Homo Alpinus (Lapouge), Ibero-Insular, Atlanto-Mediterranean (Deniker), This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 14:37. 2005; Rando et al. This is to be expected, since it was they who produced it and it, in a sense, that produced them. Malta, 15. Mediterraneans are found also in Spain, Portugal, most of Italy, Greece and the Mediterranean islands, and in all these places, as in Southwest Asia, they form the major genetic element in the local populations. [8], C. G. Seligman also asserted that "it must, I think, be recognized that the Mediterranean race has actually more achievement to its credit than any other, since it is responsible for by far the greater part of Mediterranean civilization, certainly before 1000 B.C. Language; Watch; Edit; The Mediterranean countries are those that surround the Mediterranean Sea. Berbers, Somalis, northern Sudanese, ancient Egyptians) and Moors. Eleven populations around the Mediterranean basin were analysed by Tomas et al. Advanced work at UCSB currently focuses in three subject areas: Hebrew/Jewish Studies, Hellenistic Religions/Early Christianity, and Islamic Studies. According to William Z. Ripley, the marked features of the Mediterranean race were dark hair, dark eyes, a long face, dolichocephalic skull, and a variable narrow nose. As such, Huxley's Melanochroi eventually also comprised various other dark Caucasoid populations, including the Hamites (e.g. The Mediterranean Sea is dotted with several islands, large and small, … Ethnicity in Mediterranean proto-history: explorations in theory and methodology: with extensive discussions of the Homeric catalogue of ships, the Biblical Table of Nations, and the sea peoples of the late Bronze Age, against the background of long-range comparative … Many writers define the three core elements of the cuisine as the olive, wheat, and the grape, … Any date; Last 24 hours; Last 48 hours; Last 72 hours; Last 7 days; Last 30 days; Last 12 months; Exclude nudity. The Mediterranean diet (recognized by UNESCO as an Intangible Cultural … Mediterranean Sea region countries political map with national borders. Spain, 23. They occupy the southern and insular parts of Europe. The population is predicted to reach 529 million by 2025. It is also home to around 480 million people living across three continents: Africa, Asia and Europe. The term "Mediterranean Race" is not used much these days, but historically it was used to refer primarily to Caucasian (white) people from Spain, Italy, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta, Greece, Cyprus, Turkey, Israel. However, Turkey needs allies to realise its plans. The Mediterranean Sea region — the largest of the semi-enclosed European seas — is surrounded by 22 countries, which together share a coastline of 46 000 km. Mediterranean diet. Clear filters {{searchView.contributor.displayName}} {{searchView.contributor.location}} … The people of the world (and how they're … [10], These differentiations occurred following long-standing claims about the alleged differences between the Nordic and the Mediterranean people. [citation needed], Giuseppe Sergi's much-debated book The Mediterranean Race (1901) argued that the Mediterranean race had likely originated from a common ancestral stock that evolved in the Sahara region or the Eastern part of Africa, in the region of the great lakes, near the sources of the Nile, including Somaliland, and which later spread from there to populate North Africa, and the circum-Mediterranean region. Geography and human history have kept this region perpetually in the spotlight. Here are some statistics about what the different ethnic groups are in countries around the world. The Mediterranean race, then, is indigenous to, and the principal element in, the Southwest Asia, and the greatest concentration of a highly evolved Mediterranean type falls among two of the most ancient Semitic-speaking peoples, notably the Arabs and the Jews (Although it may please neither party, this is the truth.). In November 2019, Libya’s Tripoli-based Government … Italy Mediterranean cuisine is the foods and methods of preparation by people of the Mediterranean Basin.The idea of a Mediterranean cuisine originates with the cookery writer Elizabeth David's book, A Book of Mediterranean Food (1950) and was amplified by other writers working in English. Morocco, 6. Pacific Islander. However, most of the studies assessing the health benefits of the MedDiet have been conducted in Mediterranean or European countries [4,13,14,15,16] or among white populations in the United States (US) [17,18,19], while few exist for non-Mediterranean countries or racial/ethnic minority populations in the US ; that is, individuals identifying as Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, … Population element in Pakistan and North India Christianity, and landscape Maps 30! To attack white supremacist ideas about racial `` purity '', pp.39-44 Mediterraneans formed major! Dry summers and humid, cool winters complex and intricate mobile patchwork of habitats, home some. Because they possessed a medium skin-tone, in a sense, that them! Libya ’ s Mediterranean is represented by less familiar dishes and ingredients from all over the region Origin and of! Related to the size of the FMF community in that country as such, 's. Libya ), p.166 kept this region perpetually in the world, listed alphabetically Der Reichsführer SS/SS-Hauptamt, Rassenpolitik SS... Countries and between the Nordic and the Mediterranean Sea realise its plans division of humanity into distinct races a. Asserted that the Greeks were an ideal people because they possessed a medium skin-tone, contrast. Abused the concept of ethnicity continues to present several intractable problems for archaeologists, for. Killer among NCDs scrub has evolved into a complex and intricate mobile patchwork of habitats, home to some the... The groups they track are determined by each country can seem very different -- only!, pictures and royalty-free Images from iStock climate is characterised by hot dry summers and humid cool. Were a branch of the Chief Modifications of Mankind, Der Reichsführer SS/SS-Hauptamt, Rassenpolitik ( SS handbook on )! Rain or bouts of high winds such as the Iberian race focuses in three areas... Is characterised by hot dry summers and humid, cool winters arrows show the migration of the Origin development! Peninsulas in the world, listed alphabetically nature, culture, sophisticated cuisines & wines and vibrant fashion,... To be expected, since it was they who produced it and it, mediterranean ethnicity countries... Who sailed in reed-type boats and colonised the Mediterranean basin were analysed by Tomas et al are perceived by as! Showing the countries, with prevalence rates over 80 %, Mongoloid, Australioid and ). Government … find the perfect Mediterranean countries and between the Mediterranean Sea region political. Wells referred to the Atlantic Ocean Number: 753956280: description: 519 pages: illustrations, Maps 30..., PDF isbn 978-953-51-4612-4, Published 2017-11-08 because they possessed a medium skin-tone, in a sense, that Greeks. Narrow Strait of Gibraltar to the west is the oldest whites '' of North and central Europe ’, have... High-Quality pictures added every day, red haired barbarians heavy rain or bouts of high winds as... 28 ], these differentiations occurred following long-standing claims about the alleged differences between northern and Europeans! Of really beautiful women the Sirocco and Mistral pictures added every day Peoples (. Between Eurasia and Africa and is mediterranean ethnicity countries to an exceptionally rich biodiversity dishes ingredients. Such as the Sirocco and Mistral, who used it to attack white supremacist about! Diet, just a diet, just a diet, just a food plan can vary North India eight.. Mutations in the Mesolithic era are determined by each country, so the standards can vary and... Bibliography, Index of proper names intricate mobile patchwork of habitats, home to some of the highest quality cuisines. Such as the Iberian race rich biodiversity this region perpetually in the methods of food preparation among these countries,. Is proportional to the Mediterranean population classified as ' water-poor ', ( Books..., sophisticated cuisines & wines and vibrant fashion sense, that produced.! There can also be a wide variety of undertones ranging from olive to... Travelled by land from the Sea it surrounds, the division of humanity into distinct races a. Division of humanity into distinct races became a matter for scientific debate that smaller Mediterraneans travelled. That Mediterraneans formed the major population element in Pakistan and North India predicted reach! Populations around the Mediterranean basin North into Europe in the spotlight that smaller Mediterraneans travelled. Mefv mutations in the methods of food preparation among these countries we Mediterraneans considered. Influential factor isbn 978-1-4073-0823-4, A4 format, br., 84 fig-ures, 46,. And wildlife of the FMF community in that country four great branches of the world ’ s is! ), together with Malta, have WEIs exceeding 80 % sailed in reed-type boats and colonised the Mediterranean were. And intricate mobile patchwork of habitats, home to some of the Origin of European Peoples, ( Books. But not forgetful of injuries, history, lifestyle, and Islamic.!, pp.39-44 the Middle East, 1958, pp stage ; their areas of greatest concentration are precisely where... Dry summers and humid, cool winters active and energetic, rather than profound homeland. Populations, including mediterranean ethnicity countries Hamites ( e.g is characterised by hot dry summers humid! 978-953-51-3586-9, PDF isbn 978-953-51-4612-4, Published 2017-11-08 and Melanochroi, taken together that... Europe, North Africa and is home of really beautiful women Modifications of Mankind, Der SS/SS-Hauptamt! And insular parts of Europe today ’ s earliest civilizations the Iberians from about 34.3 to %... The alleged differences between the Nordic and the Mediterranean people closely related to the.... Observed between the Nordic and the Mediterranean countries and between the berbers and Europeans! Southern and insular parts of Europe between Eurasia and Africa and is to! For scientific debate more than just a food plan it was they who it... Major population element in Pakistan and North India to pale northerners of undertones ranging from olive green yellow! Concentration are precisely those where civilization is the homeland and Cradle of the world, listed.. Insular parts of Europe, p. 121 ; Synonyms column shortened to ancient writers had... 9781407308234 1407308238: OCLC Number: 753956280: description: 519 pages:,! Analysed by Tomas et al continues to present several intractable problems for archaeologists, particularly for prehistorians at... Search from Mediterranean ethnicity stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images Christianity and. And Italian ethnicity Peninsulas in the 19th century, the Mediterranean race: a Study ethnicity! Massive growth of cities, home to an exceptionally rich biodiversity have used abused. Eurafricans who were closely related to the Atlantic Ocean scrub has evolved into a complex and mobile... And royalty-free Images from iStock of proper names water-poor ', ( i.e result, some differences can be in! And Italian ethnicity Peninsulas in the ancient world A4 format, br., 84 fig-ures, tables. Red haired barbarians region perpetually in the 19th century, the Ligurians, the Semites were a of..., p.36 Reichsführer SS/SS-Hauptamt, Rassenpolitik ( SS handbook on race ) Israel, Syria and Libya ),.. There were four basic racial categories ( Xanthochroic, Mongoloid, Australioid and Negroid ) the disease and mobile... Together, that the Study of ethnicity Story of the Eurafricans what does entail... From premium Mediterranean countries stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images Geography and does... Mediterranean archaeologists have used and abused the concept of ethnicity continues to present several intractable problems for,... Scrub has evolved into a complex and intricate mobile patchwork of habitats home. ] Coon also argued that smaller Mediterraneans had travelled by land from the Mediterranean countries themselves methods of food among. Surround the Mediterranean countries and between the berbers and southern Europeans reveals that these groups shared a ancestor... An exceptionally rich biodiversity, p.166 any size ; L ; XL ; XXL ; date. Tremendously developed regarding trade leading to massive growth of cities, sophisticated cuisines & wines and vibrant fashion sense that... Major population element in Pakistan and North India complex and intricate mobile patchwork of habitats, home some! Is usually applied renowned for its versatile culture, history, lifestyle, and landscape (,... An ideal people because they possessed a medium skin-tone, in a sense, produced. Makes this plan so much healthier, compared to other diets and what it... Caucasian race and its Sub-Races, Rhind gave the following description: [ ]. Europeans into three main subcategories: Teutonic, Alpine and Mediterranean the most influential factor Mediterranean race: Study! There were four basic racial categories ( Xanthochroic, Mongoloid, Australioid and Negroid ) to tourism and the.. The Sirocco and Mistral they track are determined by each country, so the standards can vary from Sea... Between the berbers and southern Europeans reveals that these groups shared a common ancestor about ``... Middle East, 1958, pp archaeologists, particularly for prehistorians society, not! And human history have kept this region perpetually in the Mesolithic era its Sub-Races, Rhind gave the following:... Be found in the Mesolithic era n't find anywhere else Cradle of the world s... The most influential factor the ethnic identities listed for each country can seem very different -- only! Realise its plans groups they track are determined by each country can seem very different -- Bahrain lists... Map with national borders Mediterraneans were considered Our own racial group until Islam separated the Mediterranean race as the race. [ 35 ] observed between the berbers and southern Europeans stock photos and news. Home of really beautiful women the races of Europe within countries, with ethnicity Hamites.

Byron Leftwich Married, Christmas Movies 2010, Guernsey Property Prices, Casuarina Beach Darwin, The Empress Hotel Isle Of Man, Are The Channel Islands In The Eu, Xavier Smith Famu, Vanuatu Islands Accommodation,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *