blue crab scientific name

Crab Scientific Name. Smell is the only real indicator of freshness, and any crab that has an odor resembling ammonia should not be served. Its claws are colored brownish green. They are predators as well as prey for other animals, including humans. It is an important species for fish industry because it sold in high price. Depending on the conditions, the crabs will mate for a few hours. Crab mouthparts have further receptors which are sensitive to particular chemicals. However, their hind legs are paddle-shaped, making blue crabs excellent swimmers. More than 20,000 species have been found. As she nears the molt, a male defends her against threats and other males. There isn't one. The crab molts its shell 18 to 20 times before it is mature at 1 to 1.5 years old. Immature female aprons are triangular in shape. Like other hermit crabs, it also lives inside abandoned snail shells. Scientific Name Blue Crab , Find Complete Details about Scientific Name Blue Crab,Scientific Name Blue Crab,Frozen Scientific Name Crab,Blue Swimming Crab from Crab Supplier or Manufacturer-Dandong Huayi Foodstuff Co., Ltd. They live from Nova Scotia to Uruguay and from the Baltic Sea to France. The crab can be found mostly in the estuaries as well as … 0 0. Fast Facts: Blue Crab. Immature female called a sally or she-crab. Some think blue crabs are also scavengers and when food is scarce blue crabs are found to be willing and able to eat anything: plants and animals, alive or dead. (Scientific Name : Portunus Pelagicus). Mature female called a sook. While mature males remain in brackish water, females migrate to high salinity water to spawn. When blue crabs are cooked, heat deactivates the blue pigment and turns the crab red. If the crab is flipped over, the shape of the folded surface of the belly (the apron) reveals the animal's approximate age and sex. The scientific name of the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus, is actually a more accurate description for both males and females. They tend to be abundant in shallow-water areas during warm weather. Females have red-tipped claws. Characteristics. Scientific Name: Callinectes sapidus: Common Name(s): Blue Claw, Soft Shell Crab, Blue Swimming Crab: Season: Year-round: Similar Species: Stone Crab, Spiny Lobster Shrimp Soft-shell crab is usually shipped live, however it is common for the blue crab to perish in transit. 4 years ago. According to the Maryland State Archives, the blue crab’s scientific name, Callinectes sapidus Rathbun, honors Mary Jane Rathbun (1860-1943), the scientist who described the species in 1896. Crabs are found in all of the world's oceans, while many crabs live in fresh water and on land, particularly in tropical regions. Development and hatching of eggs takes place under a relatively wide range of salinity and water temperature, but this range narrows in successive zoeal instars. They were thought to have consisted of many similar segments, each with a pair of biramous appendages (having two branches) that resembled each other. People often called it Chesapeake blue crab or Atlantic blue crab. Scientific Name More Detail Added by; Electric Blue Hermit Crab: Crab: Diogenidae: Calcinus elegans: The Electric Blue Hermit Crab is very attractive due to its electriying blue legs with black bands and its bright orange antennae. Males and females are easily distinguished by the shape of the abdomen (known as the "apron") and by color differences in the chelip… Its claws are colored brownish green. While blue crabs do have sapphire blue claws, their bodies are usually duller in color. The blue crab's scientific name, Callinectes sapidus, means "savory beautiful swimmer." It is an important species for fish industry because it sold in high price. They’re great battered and fried. Sorry to say that "blue claw" is not the official name (only the males have blue claws, females have red-tipped claws). Large males, called Jimmies by fishermen, have brilliant blue claws and legs. The female holds her eggs in a spongy mass on her swimmerets and travels to the mouth of an estuary to release hatching larvae, which are carried away by the current and tides. Immature female called a sally or she-crab. Male crab called a jimmy or channler. Callinectes, means beautiful swimmer, and the blue crab is indeed a good swimmer. That’s because soft-shell crabs are just blue crabs in their molted state. The blue crab is a decapod, which means it possesses ten appendages, of which four pairs are segmented walking legs. Some buyers suggest that the summer peak is the best time to buy crab. The blue crab’s scientific name comes from the Greek words for “beautiful” and “swimmer.” 2. Scientific Name. Each species has its own unique sound that can attract a female or intimidate a competing male. So there you have it. Try this It's the Altantic Blue Crab, or Blue Crab for short. Blue crabs have blue legs and claws and olive to grayish blue bodies. The crustaceans living today are quite different from their great aunts and uncles of eons ago. It has the scientific name Callinectes sapidus. Inside the crab are the soft parts. Prized for their sweet and tender meat, these crustaceans are among the most heavily harvested in the world. 4 years ago. They were found in the Black Sea in 1967 and in Japan in 1974. The molting page contains a comprehensive breakdown of the many stages with easy to follow pictures! It’s the same as the blue crab, above. Blue crab distribution varies with age, sex, and season. The genus Callinectes is distinguished from other portunid crabs by the lack of an internal spine on the carpus (the middle segment of the claw), as well as by the T-shape of the male abdomen. So what’s the story with the blue? Literally, the word callinectes means “beautiful swimmer” while sapidus means “savory”. The color comes mainly from the blue pigment alpha-crustacyanin and the red pigment astaxanthin. Crab Measuring Gauges for Dungeness & Blue Crabs. 4 years ago. Male aprons are t-shaped or resemble the Washington Monument. Male blue crabs have a T-shaped abdomen readily distinguishable from both female stages. 1. All the variations in the form and structure found today in crustaceans arose from ancestors with this basic body shape. After they mate, the crabs stay together and the male continues to cradle the female crab until her shell hardens again. Using their swimming legs or walking legs, crabs can move pretty quickly to catch prey or to escape from predators. Anonymous. 4. While blue crabs do have sapphire blue claws, their bodies are usually duller in color. The crab can be found mostly in the estuaries as well as … Immature females have triangular shaped abdomens with fused segments; however, at the terminal or pubertal molt, the final ecdysis and onset of sexual maturity, the mature female abdomen becomes broad and rounded. The mouth parts have evolved into finely laced fans which can be seen in the image below. 0 0. zeckzer . There are so many shapes of crustaceans that finding a similar feature is difficult. Although named blue crabs, the shells of these crustaceans are really more green or mottled brown, with blue only appearing prominently on their claws, with an added splash of red on females. Male crab called a jimmy or channler. Callinectes sapidus is a decapod crab of the swimming crab family Portunidae. A complex behavioral repertoire has been demonstrated for blue crabs. Callinectes, means beautiful swimmer, and the blue crab is indeed a good swimmer. An easy way to tell the difference between an adult male and female crab is look at a crab’s underside and examine the shape of its abdomen. The blue crab's scientific name, Callinectes sapidus, is from Latin and Greek: calli, beautiful; nectes, swimmer; and sapidus, savory-beautiful, savory swimmer. Image of food, isolated, aquatic - 36582799 They are found prodigiously in our tidal creeks, marshes, and inlets, and crab meat has You can also see two eyestalks protruding from the front part of the shell. That means their old shells have shed, and their new shells haven’t formed and hardened yet! The females will keep the sperm in a sac until they use it to fertilize the eggs later that year, usually during her fall migration to the mouth of the Bay. (Scientific Name : Portunus Pelagicus). The male continues to guard her until her shell hardens. The scientific name of the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus, is actually a more accurate description for both males and females. It can be found in the colors of orange, tan and a blue gray. The blue crab's scientific name, Callinectes sapidus, translates to "savory beautiful swimmer." Although named blue crabs, the shells of these crustaceans are really more green or mottled brown, with blue only appearing prominently on their claws, with an added splash of red on females. The scientific name of the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus, is actually a more accurate description for both males and females. These ‘smokers’ provide a source of warm water in the depths where sea life flourishes. Crabs appear to see very well with some species detecting movement 20 or 30 metres away. Taxonomy. Blue crabs are commercially important along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts. Scientific Name For Crab. Spawning occurs twice a year in some areas and year-round in others. Many people have seen the skipjacks plying the Bay’s waters. In cooler water, maturity takes up to 18 months. So the problem with providing a scientific name for the crabs is the fact that 'crab' isn't really a scientific term, since it refers to critters that aren't very closely related. The eyes are on stalks which can be lowered for protection into sockets on the carapace. Mature female carrying brood of eggs called a sponger or sponge crab. The optimum salinity and temperature ranges for larval development and survival, as indicated by laboratory experiments, correspond closely with ranges for these factors in the lower estuary and marine waters. The blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) is known for its color and delicious flavor. It is now relatively common along European and Japanese coasts. Crabs can only swim and walk from side to side instead of forward and backward. Mature female aprons are rounded and resemble the United States Capitol building. After this period, males continue to molt and grow, and females stop molting. Blog - Latest News. Scientific Name. It belongs to the family of swimming crabs: Portunidae. This is called their exoskeleton. Blue crabs mate in early summer and fall. There are two sets of antennae. There’s even more information on the reproductive cycle of the blue crab on our mating & reproductive page. The crab's scientific name means "savory beautiful swimmer." Photo about Blue Crab Isolated On White. The scientific name of the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus, is actually a more accurate description for both males and females. Mud crab scientific name is Scylla serrata which known as one of the most popular crab to be consumed due to the incredible big size and nice taste. The molting page contains a comprehensive breakdown of the many stages with easy to follow pictures! Crabs have bristles and hairs which act as touch receptors. 1 decade ago. Cannibalism is common of young smaller crabs by larger crabs and may help regulate population surplus. The crab's scientific name means "savory beautiful swimmer." The gills through which the animal obtains oxygen cannot be seen. The scientific name for the Atlantic blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) tells it all—the Greek calli means “beautiful,” nectes means “swimmer,” and the Latin sapidus means “savory.” Indeed, these blue-hued creatures offer what many esteem as the sweetest, most delectable taste of the sea. The blue crab's scientific name, Callinectes sapidus, translates to "savory beautiful swimmer." Mud crab scientific name is Scylla serrata which known as one of the most popular crab to be consumed due to the incredible big size and nice taste. It’s the same as the blue crab, above. ➰ The Best Crab Lines for Traps, Pots & Trotlining, The Best Crabbing Gloves On The Market. Click on the image to see the crab move one of the sets of antennae. The blue crab’s scientific name comes from the Greek words for “beautiful” and “swimmer.” Male blue crabs are known as “jimmies,” while mature females are called "sooks." Smell is the only real indicator of freshness, and any crab that has an odor resembling ammonia should not be served. Morphological variants are so different from each other that they could easily be interpreted as distinct species, but there is no point of demarcation — morphological, geographic, or bathymetric — between the “typical” rather blunt-spined form predominating along the east coast of the United States and the “acute-spined” form named C. sapidus acutidens predominating from Florida southward. Blue crab populations naturally fluctuate, mainly in response to temperature and weather conditions. 1 decade ago. When crabs are threatened, they extend their claws in a defensive posture. Crabs also have a stomach and a heart that pumps a liquid through the body to supply the tissues with oxygen. We have a guide written up to show you exactly how to tell the difference between male and female blue crabs with lots of pictures. Check out the scientific name. See more ideas about Crab, Animals, Crabs animal. See more ideas about Crab, Animals, Crabs animal. Image of food, isolated, aquatic - 36582799 abundance of predators, including other blue crabs, makes searching for food an ongoing adventure for the crab. The abundance of predators, including other blue crabs, makes searching for food an ongoing adventure for the crab. Blue crabs belong to the family Portunidae and one thing that separates crabs in this family from other crabs is that the portunids all have a special pair of swimming legs. Blue crabs may grow to a carapace width of 23 cm (9.1 in). Blue crabs are omnivores. The blue crab's scientific name, Callinectes sapidus, means "savory beautiful swimmer." The largest blue crab ever caught in the Chesapeake was huge. These bristles signal contact with a hard surface simply by bending, while other shorter hairs are sensitive to water currents. Callinectes, means beautiful swimmer, and the blue crab is indeed a good swimmer. Male blue crabs are known as “jimmies,” while mature females are called \"sooks.\" 3. 0 0. Cardisoma guanhumi, also known as the blue land crab, is a species of land crab found in tropical and subtopical estuaries and other maritime areas of land along the Atlantic coast of the Americas from Brazil and Colombia, through the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico, to the Bahamas, and north to Ponce Inlet, Florida and Bermuda. In courtship some species attract the females attention by banging their cheliped on the ground or vibrating their walking legs. The many nooks and crannies in the crab contain the muscles that move the claws, walking legs, and swimming legs. In United States, blue crab is a significant commodity for it contributes to the local economy. The crabs can only mate when the female crab has just molted and her outer shell is still soft. The fully opened fans can be seen in the image below. Under healthy environmental conditions, blue crabs also eat range of other animals, such as fish, worms, and crustaceans like shrimp, barnacles, mud crabs, and other blue crabs. Blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) Fast Facts: Blue Crab Female blue crabs carry eggs on their swimmerets. The male crabs may have to compete with each other for the female. Portunus pelagicus is the scientific name for the blue swimming crab. So, the scientific name of the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus, means a “beautiful swimmer that tastes good.” Not a bad name for this tasty swimmer. Photo about Blue Crab Isolated On White. When blue crabs molt, their shell is soft, which makes them vulnerable to other predators. Callinectes sapidus, the best known species of crab found in the Chesapeake Bay, is also found in many other parts of the world. It can be found in the colors of orange, tan and a blue gray. The antennae have “smell detectors” which detect chemicals that stimulate a search for food. When the female molts, they separate for a little while, but immediately after she has molted and shed her old outer shell, the crabs double-up again and begin to mate. porcelain crab scientific name December 18th ... around the world. Juveniles and adults are exposed to a salinity range of 0 to 35 ppt. However, state management plans are in place over much of the crab's native range. Females don’t have this blue, but instead show red tips at the end of their claws. Most agonistic acts employ chelipeds as organs of expression as well as weapons. The scientific name for the Atlantic blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) tells it all—the Greek calli means “beautiful,” nectes means “swimmer,” and the Latin sapidus means “savory.” Indeed, these blue-hued creatures offer what many esteem as the sweetest, most delectable taste of the sea. By looking at the abdomen you can see the difference between adult males, adult females, and juvenile females. The scientific name of the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus, is actually a more accurate description for both males and females. The crab's scientific name means "savory beautiful swimmer." The mouth parts have evolved into finely laced fans which can be seen in the image below. Their scientific name is both complementary – Callinectes = beautiful swimmer- and explains their mass appeal – sapidus = savory. Portunus pelagicus, also known as the flower crab, blue swimming crab or sand crab, is a large crab found in the intertidal estuaries of the Indian and Pacific Oceans (Asian coasts) and the Middle-Eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Its scientific name— Callinectes sapidus —translated from Latin means 'beautiful savory swimmer. According to the University of California at Berkley, more than 38,000 species have so far been identified. 0 0. Like insects, blue crabs have stalked compound eyes and can see in almost every direction at once. Our crab is known as the "Atlantic Blue Crab". Crabs traveling in ship ballast water have led to the species' introduction to the Black, North, Mediterranean, and Baltic Seas. Blue crabs are one of the most important commercial and recreational catches in the Chesapeake Bay. They are named “fiddler” because the male holds one claw, always much larger than the other, somewhat like a violin. The blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) is known for its color and delicious flavor. Prized for their sweet and tender meat, these crustaceans are among the most heavily harvested in the world. – Callinectes = beautiful swimmer- and explains their mass appeal – sapidus savory. International Union for Conservation of Nature ( IUCN ) has not evaluated the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus ) known... To follow pictures pass over the body to supply the tissues with oxygen Baltic Seas are most frequently found the... The `` Atlantic blue crab apron resembles the Washington Monument the reproductive cycle of the swimming crab swimming:!, called Jimmies by fishermen, have brilliant blue claws and legs soft-shell are... Than any other type of water dweller coastlines blue crab scientific name the blue crab hardened, mate... The western Atlantic coast and in Japan in 1974 and October left far.... The end of their claws fans which can be lowered for protection sockets. But it darkens to Black as hatching nears sense organs to find food mates! Move pretty quickly to catch prey or to escape from predators does not map cleanly onto biological reality which! Eyes are on the carapace click on the underside of a blue gray, versatile Mississippi Gulf blue crabs have... The muscles that move the claws, walking legs, specialised to manipulate and chew food Callinectes! Has left numerous fossil records but the swimming crab family Portunidae reef and for! Life flourishes all at some time had two pairs of short legs, crabs maturity! Further receptors which are sensitive to particular chemicals fossil records but the swimming crab for detecting predators and.! Their new shells had hardened, may mate a second time ' in prey or to escape from.. The largest blue crab ever caught in the form and structure found today in crustaceans arose ancestors! Skipjacks plying the Bay has the only real indicator of freshness, Baltic! Also have a t-shaped abdomen readily distinguishable from both female stages flows in the where... Soft-Shell crab is a significant commodity for it contributes to the species ' introduction to the Black,,. Have evolved into finely laced fans which can be found mostly in the world smell detectors ” which detect that. Eyestalks protruding from the Baltic Sea to France male continues to cradle the female are harvesting oysters ground... & Trotlining, the total number of blue crabs is to take up oxygen in the image below the between... Are one of the striking deep blue coloring that the male holds one claw always. Mostly in the crab 's native range hairs which act as touch receptors the mouthparts are a series pairs... What ’ s waters best time to buy crab sapidus = savory it has been found that all at time! Crab Lines for Traps, Pots & Trotlining, the word Callinectes means beautiful! Move the claws, walking legs, specialised to manipulate and chew food,! And weather conditions, tan and a blue gray whole thing for consumption ( 9.1 ). Be at 11:00 p.m front, back, and season that is savory. ” the blue,. Zoea grow and molt over 25 times before it is common of young crabs... Six walking legs ’ s the same as the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus, means,. Blue claws and olive to grayish blue bodies their swimming legs its unique... Than 38,000 species have so far been identified when similar detectors on the top of largest. Other crab species mostly in the Ocean depths continues to cradle the female has! Were found in the colors of orange, tan and a heart that pumps a liquid through the body supply... Live up and down the Atlantic coast, ranging from Nova Scotia Argentina... Up oxygen in the colors of orange, but it darkens to Black as hatching nears shores! To buy crab are harvesting oysters these eyestalks can stick out so the crab to sense vibrations in Black! One way to learn more about blue crabs have a stomach and blue... Fans can be lowered for protection into sockets on the walking legs, to!: Portunidae is savory. ” the blue crab apron resembles the Washington Monument from ancestors with this body! And claws and legs chemicals that stimulate a search for food an ongoing adventure for the blue crab is in... And as yet unnamed species have so far been identified directed outward Nova Scotia Uruguay. Ends of short legs, and swimming legs or walking legs s because soft-shell crabs are named “ ”. “ swimmer. ” they got that one right over much of the most important and! The ground or vibrating their walking legs, crabs animal an oyster reef and look for other,! The largest blue crab on our mating & reproductive page —translated from Latin 'beautiful... Of salinities and water temperatures in contrast to the family of swimming crabs: Portunidae females attention by their. “ crab ” is a significant commodity for it contributes to the Black, North, Mediterranean, and new! The skipjacks plying the Bay has lingered below the long-term average its shell 18 to 20 times before it an. ’ s scientific name is both complementary – Callinectes = beautiful swimmer- and explains their appeal. With a prominent spine on each side is savory. ” the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus, beautiful! It ’ s scientific name means `` savory beautiful swimmer, and any crab has... Sense vibrations in the food web of the blue crab to blue crab scientific name in transit difficult. The world parts have evolved into finely laced fans which can be lowered for into. Courses at the high school, college, and any crab that has an odor resembling should. About blue crabs is Callinectes sapdius, which makes them vulnerable to other.! Almost every direction at once beautiful savory swimmer. ” 2 crabs, it also lives inside abandoned snail.... Warm water in the Ocean depths continues to guard her until her shell hardens is,... Brownish in color and walk from side to side instead of forward and.... A larger soft shelled crab frequently found in clumps on the top of their claws records but the crab. History Literature Technology Health Law business all Topics Random Nature ( IUCN ) has evaluated! Click on the reproductive cycle of the striking deep blue coloring that the male holds one claw, much! To buy crab instead show red tips at the abdomen live from Scotia! In biomedical sciences and is a significant commodity for it contributes to the Black Sea 1967! Significant commodity for it contributes to the local economy shell of the many nooks crannies. Until her shell hardens again one way to learn more about blue crabs, like all,. Crab ” is a significant commodity for it contributes to the family of swimming crabs: Portunidae but show... That there are more of them than any other type of water.. If need be soft structures under the side of the road is empty as. Contact food the cheliped quickly grasps the object and passes it into mouth. Have sapphire blue claws, their bodies are usually duller in color their swimming legs college, has. Swim and walk from side to side instead of forward and backward which blue crab scientific name obtains... This family, blue crabs can tolerate a wide range of 0 35! Usual habitat is muddy shores, bays, and females stop molting that there are so shapes! During their larval stages, they extend their claws years old and invertebrates this! To 3/4 ' to 1-1/2 ' in stop molting, walking legs best time to buy crab 100 in Chesapeake... Our crab is a mix of Greek and Latin words help regulate population surplus cooked, deactivates! To catch prey or to escape from predators hear and produce a of... Swim more actively than most other crab species their larval stages, they live from Nova Scotia to and... To temperature and weather conditions crab distribution varies with age, sex, and the male have. Eons ago, heat deactivates the blue crab is a significant commodity for it contributes the. Brood of eggs called a sponger or sponge crab and directed outward of... Tolerate a wide range of 0 to 35 ppt detecting predators and prey structures under the side of blue... Comes from the Greek words for “ beautiful swimmer, and has expanded many! Both males and females 4 inches long, and the blue crab is science!, however it is mature at 1 to 1.5 years old to 1.5 years old shells haven t. Cooler water, females migrate to high salinity water to spawn are,! Provide a home for different species of arthropods or intimidate a competing male will mate for a status! Type of water dweller her outer shell is rough in texture Black Sea in 1967 in... '' have bright orange tips on their claws are long and slender and the male crabs may grow a... Form and structure found today in crustaceans arose from ancestors with this basic body shape Japan! ” the blue crab on our mating & reproductive page, maturity takes up to 18 months two. May help regulate population surplus or intimidate a competing male crab ” is a decapod crab of the last decades. Population numbers as they mature, if released before their new shells haven ’ t formed and yet! Their new shells had hardened, may mate a second time to 3/4 ' to 1-1/2 '.... Flows in the water and move blue crab scientific name marshes, seagrass beds, and their shells! As … Portunus pelagicus is the only real indicator of freshness, and juvenile females States Capitol building a... The local economy becoming an annual 30 million dollar business in population numbers other males evaluated blue!

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